Since the beginning of 1990s, people have been paying more and more concern to the environmental protection of automotive products. How to dispose end-of life vehicles in an economic and environmentally friendly way to promote the sustainable development of the automotive industry has become the focal point that arouses the attention of the whole world’s automotive industry. At the same time, various legislations concerning waste disposal management become more and more stringent. The EU Commission and European Parliament published the Directives on the Recycling and Reuse of End-of-life Vehicles (Directive 2000/53/EC and 2005/64/EC), which specify the two-phase targets for the reuse and recovery as well as the reuse and recycling of end-of-life vehicles in EU countries. The Directives also provide the limit of recycling rate and specify the heavy metals (lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium) that are prohibited or restricted from use in automotive products. The member states published their mandatory regulations successively to implement these Directives. Starting from January 1, 2007, the EU member state governments have implemented the end-of life vehicle directives completely.
In order to cope with this new situation, promote the construction and development of circular economy system , protect the environment, improve the resources utilization rate, apply “Scientific Outlook on Development” and achieve sustainable development of society and economy, National Development and Reform Commission(NDRC), Ministry of Science and Technology( MOST) and State Environmental Protection Administration(SEPA) promulgated “Recycling and Reutilization Policy of Automotive Product”(herein after referred as “Technical Policy”) jointly on February 6, 2006. The “Technical Policy” is a guidance document to promote the establishment of the scrapping and the recycling system of China, which covers most of the automotive products and involves the whole supply chain of automotive industry. The “policy” serves as a common require to both domestic-made and imported auto products, with the purpose of providing guidance to production and marketing of automobile, relevant enterprise initiating, developing and promoting the work and activities for auto product design, manufacture, scrapping, recycling and reutilization. China will establish the relevant systems which are proposed in the “Policy” timely. Before 2010 the relevant systems will be promulgated and put into effect successively. According to the “Policy”, the recoverability rate of certain automotive products shall reach 85% in 2010 and except for leaded alloy, storage battery, lead plating, chromium plating, additive (stabilizer) and mercury for light, the use of lead, mercury, chromium and hexavalentchromium is limited. From 2012, the recoverability rate of all the domestic-made and imported automobiles shall reach 90%, among which the recyclability rate of material shall be no lower than 80%. By 2017, the recoverability rate of all the domestic-made and imported automobiles of China shall reach the international advanced level. Namely, the recoverability rate of the complete vehicle products shall reach around 95%.
China Automotive Material Data System (CAMDS) is a product data management platform for implementing the “Recycling and Reutilization Policy of Automotive Product”, carrying out the certification of recoverability rate and prohibited/restricted substance and improving the recoverability rate of China automotive material. It will help the auto manufacturers to conduct information management of various products and links in their supply chain. With this system, component suppliers can fill out and report the information describing the use of basic substance and the material of component to the complete vehicle manufacturers and carry out the unified classification management of the reported product. On the basis of these data, the complete vehicle manufacturers can trace and analyze the use of prohibited/restricted substances in auto products at all stages, such as in the period of design, manufacture, production, marketing and recycle, etc. CAMDS provides a solution to trace the chemical composition of auto parts in the whole supply chain for China automotive industry and improves the scrapping and recycling level of component material of China auto products.
At present, most of the OEMs in China have reached an agreement to set up the management committee which is the management and decision-making organization for the construction, operation, serving and maintenance of CAMDS.